OpenAM之SAML2配置

What’s SAML2

SAML是安全断言标记语言(英语:Security Assertion Markup Language,简称SAML,发音sam-el),一种xml格式的语言。 有两个点: 第一是安全(Security), 第二是断言(assertion)

先看它的核心概念断言(assertion)。 断言是什么? 就是做出判断的语言。比如一个例子:小红没有权限读取根目录。这就是一个断言。 这种“做出判断的语句”我们在很多场合都需要用到。 比如你在网上尝试登陆一个服务的时候, 这个服务需要知道你是不是合法的用户。 这个时候如果你能提供一个“安全,可靠,可信任”的断言:“***有权登陆XX服务”, 那么这个服务就知道你合法了, 于是就能为你提供服务了。 这个例子比较抽象,但基本上能表达断言在实际用例中的作用了。 实际上SAML2的大部分内容就在于证明你是谁,你拥有什么权限等等了。

接下来第二个概念就是安全(Security)了。 你能提供一个断言, 别人能不能假冒你提供一个断言从而骗取服务端的信任呢? 另外服务端为什么会信任你给的断言呢? 这就涉及到安全的问题了。为了防止断言被假冒,篡改。SAML中加入了安全措施。 当然现今能抵御假冒,篡改,重放攻击的利器就是公钥-私钥/keystore系统了。 通过给断言加上签名和加密,再结合数字证书系统就确保了SAML不受攻击。

Config With OpenAM SAML2

OpenAM配置SAML2分2种方式

  • 默认方式(本文采用默认方式,Sign Assertion)
  • 开发方式(自定义AttributeMapper,TokenProvider)

默认方式和开发方式都是分3步走,只是配置有所不同而已:

  • 配置SAML2 STS Instance
  • 配置SAML2 Service Provider(Configure OAuth2 authorization server)
  • 验证SAML2

配置SAML2 STS Instance

1.进入Top Level Realm,找到STS,这里的STSSecurity Token Service的意思。
在这里插入图片描述
2.new一个STSSupported Token Transforms选择OPENAM->SAML2,don't invalidate interim OpenAM session
在这里插入图片描述
3.Deployment Url Element就是这个STS的名称,这里要记住,后面会用到,拼接REST请求的时候,URL为rest-sts/stsName,那么我们就是rest-sts/mysts
在这里插入图片描述
4.这里定义一下issuer IdEntity Id
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5.详细设置SAML2 Sign相关

  • Sign Assertion ,打勾√,启用断言签证,不签的话,报文很少
  • KeyStorePath位于C:\Users\你的用户\openampro\openampro\keystore.jks (如果你的项目叫openam则为C:\Users\你的用户\openam\openam\keystore.jks)
  • Keystore Password,记事本打开.storepass文件,明文copy即可
  • Signature Key Password,记事本打开.keypass文件,明文copy即可
    在这里插入图片描述
    在这里插入图片描述
    6.保存

配置SAML2 Service Provider

1.返回Dashboard,扎到Common Tasks下面的Configure SAMLv2 Provider
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2.由于是本地Localhost的Provider,所以是选择Create Hosted Service Provider
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3.默认配置即可,metadata会自动填写,如果没有就写上项目路径,Circle Of Trust随便写个cot或者mycot即可。
在这里插入图片描述
4.保存并返回查看
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验证SAML2

1.POST请求authenticate接口获得以下authenticate报文,无需任何参数

http://localhost:8099/openampro/json/authenticate

{
  "authId": "eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLCJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.eyJvdGsiOiJraWM1cmM3aGVjN2dsbWIzYWZzczE4MHQ0cCIsInJlYWxtIjoiZGM9b3BlbmFtLGRjPWZvcmdlcm9jayxkYz1vcmciLCJzZXNzaW9uSWQiOiJBUUlDNXdNMkxZNFNmY3c0OFhTUDNlR2NIZVB1VUN3bW9IdGRyVWpsdHZsX1BIby4qQUFKVFNRQUNNREVBQWxOTEFCTTBOVFEzTURVMU1URTBOVGMwTXpFMU1EZzVBQUpUTVFBQSoifQ.Xq4okO5FjamU62bu0xeZbUSE15pCaG_fKw9XseMJi64",
  "template": "",
  "stage": "DataStore1",
  "header": "Sign in",
  "callbacks": [
    {
      "type": "NameCallback",
      "output": [
        {
          "name": "prompt",
          "value": "User Name:"
        }
      ],
      "input": [
        {
          "name": "IDToken1",
          "value": ""
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "type": "PasswordCallback",
      "output": [
        {
          "name": "prompt",
          "value": "Password:"
        }
      ],
      "input": [
        {
          "name": "IDToken2",
          "value": ""
        }
      ]
    }
  ]
}

2.Copy上一部获取到的报文在body/raw里面,然后补全authenticate报文的账号(IDToken1-value)和密码(IDToken2-value),继续请求该接口

http://localhost:8099/openampro/json/authenticate

"callbacks": [
    {
      "type": "NameCallback",
      "output": [
        {
          "name": "prompt",
          "value": "User Name:"
        }
      ],
      "input": [
        {
          "name": "IDToken1",
          "value": "这里填写账号"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "type": "PasswordCallback",
      "output": [
        {
          "name": "prompt",
          "value": "Password:"
        }
      ],
      "input": [
        {
          "name": "IDToken2",
          "value": "这里填写密码"
        }
      ]
    }
  ]

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3.得到tokenId

AQIC5wM2LY4SfczBElQ-gyrwsTOLXPZscWBxk776W1IYfS4.AAJTSQACMDEAAlNLABM0ODEyODAzNTQxNzU4MDE3MDA3AAJTMQAA

4.拼接报文,把tokenId填入session_id后面的值,然后POST请求translate接口,进行OPENAM->SAML2报文转换

http://localhost:8099/openampro/rest-sts/mysts?_action=translate

{
    "input_token_state":
        {
            "token_type": "OPENAM",
            "session_id": "AQIC5wM2LY4SfczBElQ-gyrwsTOLXPZscWBxk776W1IYfS4.*AAJTSQACMDEAAlNLABM0ODEyODAzNTQxNzU4MDE3MDA3AAJTMQAA*"
        },
    "output_token_state":
        {
            "token_type": "SAML2",
            "subject_confirmation": "BEARER"
        }
} 

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5.得到Signed后的报文,这就是SAML2报文啦

{"issued_token":"
<saml:Assertion xmlns:saml=\"urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:assertion\" ID=\"s2a8a19d7e7801a6243ad1b34d5066852eca7da372\" IssueInstant=\"2019-05-31T06:25:50Z\" Version=\"2.0\">\r\n
    <saml:Issuer>stsid</saml:Issuer>
    <ds:Signature xmlns:ds=\"http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#\">\r\n
        <ds:SignedInfo>\r\n
            <ds:CanonicalizationMethod Algorithm=\"http://www.w3.org/2001/10/xml-exc-c14n#\"/>\r\n
            <ds:SignatureMethod Algorithm=\"http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#rsa-sha1\"/>\r\n
            <ds:Reference URI=\"#s2a8a19d7e7801a6243ad1b34d5066852eca7da372\">\r\n
                <ds:Transforms>\r\n
                    <ds:Transform Algorithm=\"http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#enveloped-signature\"/>\r\n
                    <ds:Transform Algorithm=\"http://www.w3.org/2001/10/xml-exc-c14n#\"/>\r\n
                </ds:Transforms>\r\n
                <ds:DigestMethod Algorithm=\"http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#sha1\"/>\r\n
                <ds:DigestValue>AZShA8hm3+BuU8SkTQtbvkjpl9o=</ds:DigestValue>\r\n
            </ds:Reference>\r\n
        </ds:SignedInfo>\r\n
        <ds:SignatureValue>\r\nRkuIgun5A6sInaD3HWZ7CbQXkiWDxTR2zJ6o/h4IOf7jutSl6lCLEHUs1qSjyILO1xeOMS3VsDpn\r\nplpYfZF3tHornzdDm++9x538qDnxlzIHVN3WQKu9yLoqrkw0arU1I+KZb8dKnZHIPf9RnK96RLuz\r\nO4yEsjQrPpB3hRBF0oI=\r\n</ds:SignatureValue>\r\n
        <ds:KeyInfo>\r\n
            <ds:X509Data>\r\n
                <ds:X509Certificate>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\r\n/FfwWigmrW0Y0Q==\r\n</ds:X509Certificate>\r\n
            </ds:X509Data>\r\n
        </ds:KeyInfo>\r\n
    </ds:Signature>
    <saml:Subject>\r\n
        <saml:NameID Format=\"urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.0:nameid-format:unspecified\">amadmin</saml:NameID>
        <saml:SubjectConfirmation Method=\"urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:cm:bearer\">\r\n
            <saml:SubjectConfirmationData NotOnOrAfter=\"2019-05-31T06:35:50Z\"/>
        </saml:SubjectConfirmation>\r\n
    </saml:Subject>
    <saml:Conditions NotBefore=\"2019-05-31T06:25:50Z\" NotOnOrAfter=\"2019-05-31T06:35:50Z\">\r\n
        <saml:AudienceRestriction>\r\n
            <saml:Audience>stsid</saml:Audience>\r\n
        </saml:AudienceRestriction>\r\n
    </saml:Conditions>\r\n
    <saml:AuthnStatement AuthnInstant=\"2019-05-31T06:25:50Z\">
        <saml:AuthnContext>
            <saml:AuthnContextClassRef>urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:ac:classes:PreviousSession</saml:AuthnContextClassRef>
        </saml:AuthnContext>
    </saml:AuthnStatement>
</saml:Assertion>"}

以下部分为shell+json自动化配置,部分核心配置

使用JSON配置

{
	"invocation_context": "invocation_context_client_sdk",
	"instance_state": {
		"persist-issued-tokens-in-cts": "false",
		"supported-token-transforms": [{
			"inputTokenType": "OPENAM",
			"outputTokenType": "SAML2",
			"invalidateInterimOpenAMSession": false
		}],
		"custom-token-validators": [],
		"custom-token-providers": [{
			"customTokenName":"SAML2_XXX",
			"customOperationClassName":"com.xxxcompany.sts.tokengeneration.saml2.SamlTokenProvider"
		}],
		"custom-token-transforms": [{
			"inputTokenType": "OPENAM",
			"outputTokenType": "SAML2_HSM",
			"invalidateInterimOpenAMSession": false
		}],
		"deployment-config": {
			"deployment-realm": "/sdex_global",
			"deployment-url-element": "ssotoken_transformer_xxxapp",
			"deployment-auth-target-mappings": {},
			"deployment-offloaded-two-way-tls-header-key": null,
			"deployment-tls-offload-engine-hosts": {}
		},
		"saml2-config": {
			"issuer-name": "xxx",
			"saml2-sp-entity-id": "xxxapp_url_tbc",
			"saml2-sp-acs-url": "xxxapp_url_tbc",
			"saml2-name-id-format": "urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.0:nameid-format:unspecified",
			"saml2-token-lifetime-seconds": "30",
			"saml2-custom-conditions-provider-class-name": null,
			"saml2-custom-subject-provider-class-name": null,
			"saml2-custom-authentication-statements-provider-class-name": null,
			"saml2-custom-attribute-statements-provider-class-name": null,
			"saml2-custom-authz-decision-statements-provider-class-name": null,
			"saml2-custom-attribute-mapper-class-name": "com.xxxcompany.sts.tokengeneration.saml2.statements.CustomAttributeMapper",
			"saml2-custom-authn-context-mapper-class-name": null,
			"saml2-attribute-map": {
				"customerId": "session|XXXCom-Customer-Id",
				"guid":"session|guid"				
			},
			"saml2-sign-assertion": "true",
			"saml2-encrypt-assertion": "false",
			"saml2-encrypt-attributes": "false",
			"saml2-encrypt-nameid": "false",
			"saml2-encryption-algorithm": "http://www.w3.org/2001/04/xmlenc#aes128-cbc",
			"saml2-encryption-algorithm-strength": "128",
			"saml2-keystore-filename": "/opt/xxxcompany/xxxapp/xxxapp_SAML_xxx_DEV.keystore",
			"saml2-keystore-password": "changeit",
			"saml2-encryption-key-alias": "",
			"saml2-signature-key-alias": "xxxapp_SAML_CMB_DEV",
			"saml2-signature-key-password": "changeit"
		}
	}
}

sts-setup.sh

#!/bin/bash

# Constants for text color
color_off='\033[0m'
color_red='\033[0;31m'
color_green='\033[0;32m'
color_yellow='\033[0;33m'

script_path="$( cd "$(dirname "$0")" ; pwd -P )"

# Load bootstrap file
bootstrap_file=${script_path}/bootstrap.properties
[ ! -f $bootstrap_file ] && { echo "Error: Missing $bootstrap_file"; exit 1; }
source $bootstrap_file
[[ -z "$am_instance_name" ]] && { echo "Error: 'am_instance_name' undefined in $bootstrap_file"; exit 1; }
[[ -z "$am_server_url" ]] && { echo "Error: 'am_server_url' undefined in $bootstrap_file"; exit 1; }
[[ -z "$admin_user" ]] && { echo "Error: 'admin_user' undefined in $bootstrap_file"; exit 1; }
[[ -z "$admin_password_file" ]] && { echo "Error: 'admin_password_file' undefined in $bootstrap_file"; exit 1; }
[ ! -f $admin_password_file ] && { echo "Error: Missing $admin_password_file"; exit 1; }
[[ -z "$com_iplanet_am_cookie_name" ]] && { echo "Error: 'com_iplanet_am_cookie_name' undefined in $bootstrap_file"; exit 1; }
[[ -z "$openam_tools_dir" ]] && { echo "Error: 'openam_tools_dir' undefined in $bootstrap_file"; exit 1; }
[[ -z "$ssoadm" ]] && { echo "Error: 'ssoadm' undefined in $bootstrap_file"; exit 1; }
[[ -z "$realms" ]] && { echo "Error: 'realms' undefined in $bootstrap_file"; exit 1; }

create_sts_instance() {
	realm=$1

	# Validate data file
	data_file=${script_path}/${realm#/}/rest-sts-instance-config.json
	[ ! -f $data_file ] && { echo -e "${color_red}Error: Missing data file ${data_file}${color_off}"; return; }
	deployment_realm=$(cat $data_file 2>/dev/null | python -c 'import sys, json; print json.load(sys.stdin)["instance_state"]["deployment-config"]["deployment-realm"]' 2>/dev/null)
	[[ -z "$deployment_realm" ]] && { echo -e "${color_red}Error: 'deployment-realm' undefined in ${data_file}${color_off}"; return; }
	[ "$deployment_realm" != "$realm" ] && { echo -e "${color_red}Error: Deployment realm '${deployment_realm}' is different than the configuration realm '${realm}'${color_off}"; return; }
	deployment_url_element=$(cat $data_file 2>/dev/null | python -c 'import sys, json; print json.load(sys.stdin)["instance_state"]["deployment-config"]["deployment-url-element"]' 2>/dev/null)
	[[ -z "$deployment_url_element" ]] && { echo -e "${color_red}Error: 'deployment-url-element' undefined in ${data_file}${color_off}"; return; }

	echo -n "Create STS instance ${deployment_realm}/${deployment_url_element} in realm ${realm}... "
	admin_password=$(cat $admin_password_file)
	auth_response=$(curl -k -s -X POST \
					-H "Content-type: application/json" \
					-H "X-OpenAM-Username:${admin_user}" \
					-H "X-OpenAM-Password:${admin_password}" \
					${am_server_url}/json/authenticate)
	am_token=$(echo $auth_response | python -c 'import sys, json; print json.load(sys.stdin)["tokenId"]' 2>/dev/null)
	[[ -z "$am_token" ]] && { echo -e "${color_red}FAILED!\nAuthentication failed.\nAuthentication response: ${auth_response}${color_off}"; return; }
	sts_response=$(curl -k -s -X POST \
					-H "Content-Type: application/json" \
					-H "${com_iplanet_am_cookie_name}: ${am_token}" \
					-d @$data_file \
					${am_server_url}/sts-publish/rest?_action=create)
	sts_response_result=$(echo $sts_response | python -c 'import sys, json; print json.load(sys.stdin)["result"]' 2>/dev/null)
	[ "$sts_response_result" = "success" ] && echo -e "${color_green}SUCCESS!" || echo -e "${color_red}FAILED!"
	echo -e "${sts_response}${color_off}"
}

for realm in "${realms[@]}"
do
	echo "================================================="
	echo "Configuring realm ${realm}:"

	create_sts_instance $realm

	echo "================================================="
done

bootstrap.properties

# AM settings
am_instance_name=xxx-dsp-openam
am_server_url=https://yourserver/${am_instance_name}
admin_user=amadmin
admin_password_file=/opt/openam/openam-tools/admin/.pwd
com_iplanet_am_cookie_name=AMToken

# SSO Admin Tools settings
openam_tools_dir=/opt/openam/openam-tools/admin
ssoadm=${openam_tools_dir}/${am_instance_name}/bin/ssoadm

# Realms to configure
realms=("/sdex_global")
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